The Jandarmeria Româna is a State specialised institution, with military status, within the Ministry of Internal Affairs which, according to the law, exercises its attributions on protection of public order and safety, citizens’ rights and fundamental liberties, public and private property, crime prevention and detection and other infringements of laws into force, as well as protection of State’s fundamental institutions and countering of terrorist acts.
The Jandarmeria Româna’s central unit is the General Inspectorate, which coordinates the General Directorate of Bucharest Gendarmerie and 41 County Gendarmerie Inspectorates, covering all Romania’s territory, according to the existing administrative organisation. Moreover, for operational and flexibility reasons, the General Inspectorate subordinates the Intervention Special Brigade of the Romanian Gendarmerie Vlad Tepes1 and 8 Mobile Gendarmerie Groupings for supporting, when needed, the County Gendarmerie Inspectorates in achieving the tasks assigned by the law, especially the ones regarding ensuring and restoring public order and anti terrorist intervention. The Special Units of Gendarmes, the Training Centers and the Schools meant for training, updating and specialising the personnel of Jandarmeria Româna are also subordinated to the General Inspectorate.
Within the given organisation, the gendarmes can assure public order during different activities carried out in public areas that involve people crowds. According to the given context, the gendarmes may act for restoring public order in the case that it has been disturbed by any kind of actions and deeds against the law. Amongst their tasks, the gendarmes maintain public order in order to prevent and detect crimes within mountain resorts and tourist routes, as well as on the Black Sea coast and in the Danube Delta.
According to the Government’s Decision, the gendarmes ensure protection of the special objectives, and goods, monitor and guard important values transport, as well as firearms, ammunition, explosive materials, drugs, toxic, radioactive and other dangerous substances transported.
While performing all the aforementioned activities, the gendarmes are entitled to detect contraventions and apply sanctions according to the laws into force, and elaborate the necessary documents for the beginning of the judicial procedure for the offences detected in accordance with the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code. Considering the tasks given by the law, the efforts done on a daily basis by the Romanian gendarmes in assuring public order and security, so that the local communities feel safe, the International Community has considered over the years the Jandarmeria Româna as a trusted partner for performing international peacekeeping missions under UN, EU and NATO compass